A signature event of the Makutano business platform, the Makutano forum attracts more than 1,000 participants to Kinshasa each year around a strategic theme.
A much-awaited moment by all of the leading economic players in Congo as in the countries of the region, the Makutano forum is a collaborative engagement space where round tables, panels, workshops, alternate with networking sessions, Master Class and “deal rooms”. The strength of the Makutano forum lies in the mixing of high-level multisectoral expertise helping to make this annual gathering a real vector of innovation and development for the Congo but also for the region.
Year of the 60th anniversary of African Independence, 2020 was proposed almost mechanically - and without real passion, dare we say it! - to be that of the balance sheet and future prospects for Africa. On the contrary, it will have been that of an unprecedented global health and economic crisis. Many even claim that 2020 will be year zero for a global rethinking of geostrategic and economic logics at the planetary level.
To close this year of a rare intensity and collectively thinking of this "after world" that opens to us, Makutano creates the event by offering the "DRC Business & Investors Champions League", on December 10, at the Pullman Hotel.
This one-day economic forum, in a small face-to-face format, reserved for a hundred leading economic and political actors will be, for the first time, offered in interactive mode via the Internet platforms. The theme of the day will be centered on the role that the DRC can play as part of its Presidency of the African Union to work for the emergence of industrial or financial champions in Africa.
For six years, the Makutano network impulses an innovative dynamic between actors in African economic development, whether they are from private or public sectors. Based on a horizontal reflection and a dialogue cleared of the protocol gravity, the premier Central Africa’s business network has always posted a clear objective: the reappropriation of the African economy by Africans.
It is acted that the omnipresence of foreign actors in most African national economic ecosystems, and in that of the Democratic Republic of Congo in particular, is an obvious obstacle to development. The repatriation of benefits in the countries of origin, the use of expatriate executives, the absence of transfers of technology, the provision of services to the subsidiaries of the main companies, themselves foreign, or the controlling hand of certain communities of foreign origin on whole swathes of activity are, as everyone knows, common occurrences and seriously hamper the economic development of the countries.
Faced with that, two currents oppose each other. The first, radical, is tempted by what could be called the "fantasy of Zairianisation" and advocates a drastic return, even brutal, to protectionism. The second, more inclined to the implementation of a gradual reappropriation of the economy by the nationals, remains convinced that foreign investors are one of the keys to development, but subject to a progressive and structured rebalancing of the forces in favour of nationals.
Thus, by interrogating the basic notions of "local content", the consolidation of the links between African countries, or by questioning the coherence of strategic development plans in the face of realities and to the future global issues, the Central Africa’s premier business club is establishing itself as an indispensable think tank for the emergence of an emerging and prosperous Africa.
On the upcoming December 10, with the "DRC Business & Investors Champions League", Makutano proposes to the economic and political actors to define, on the other hand of the Presidency of the African Union by the DRC, the conditions related to the emergence of African industrial or financial Barons capable of positioning themselves, at term, facing the giants of the world in key sectors like Mining, Infrastructures, Banking and Insurance, Food and agriculture, Health, Telecoms, etc.
The share of regional political leadership in the creation of industrial champions, the issue of human capital and the effective transfer of technology, or the problematic of financing these African giants will constitute the three main axes of the debates.
On the upcoming December 10, in physically or virtually, become an actor of the Congo of tomorrow.
Makutano, If we don’t, who will ?
Since the creation of the network in 2015, Sultani Makutano has chosen "openness to Africa", the theme of its second edition.
This pan-Africanist anchoring has in particular made it possible to establish close relationships with many leading leaders on the continent, including Presidents Mahama, Sirleaf and Issoufou, who made the trip to Kinshasa, or captains of industry, such as Tony Elu Melu, Aliko Dangote or Justin Chinyanta. This desire to network African national private sectors, and therefore better in line with the objectives of Agenda 2063, is one of the foundations of Makutano's action.
Program subject to modifications
MC: Christelle Dibata, Henri Désiré N'zouzi
Speaker : Nicole Sulu, Founder Makutano.
Hamidou Sall, Writer, personal advisor to H.E.Macky Sall, President of the Republic of Senegal.
Nephew of the famous Senegalese writer Cheik Hamidou Kane, author of several works including the famous "Occident Ambigu", Knight of Arts and Letters, Hamidou Sall was for twelve years Special Advisor to Abdou Diouf, Secretary General of the International Organization of Francophonie in Paris.
Currently, he heads an important Foundation dedicated to Euro-African dialogue and the promotion of culture and education.
Known for his spiritual lineage to Léopold Sédar Senghor, whose spiritual and literary heritage he highlights and transmits, he was also close to Aimé Césaire and Jacqueline de Romilly, the most famous French Hellenist, to whom he pays homage in his writings.
He brings a new touch to literature by mixing stories, poems and quotes.
True moral conscience, today, his voice carries and he is authoritative on issues related to culture and education.
David McLachlan-Karr, United Nations Resident Coordinator.
The vision of His Excellency President Félix Antoine Tshisekedi Tshilombo is to materialize the development of the Democratic Republic of Congo and this is reflected in the National Strategic Development Plan validated by the Council of Ministers at the end of December 2019.
All sectors turn out to be priorities, however a focus is placed on those considered key, structuring and promising, taking into account the improvement of the business climate ...
The choices of the projects proposed here obey the following economic criteria: opening up of the hinterland; the integrative character; the diffusion and trickle-down of the effects of growth in terms of job creation and income distribution as well as the acceleration of resilience and growth.
Various projects are therefore proposed in the following sectors : Energy, Infrastructure, Agriculture, Industry.
Speaker : Anthony Nkinzo, ANAPI MD
10 min presentation, 20 min discussion with the audience
Master Jacques MUKONGA has collected the distinctions.
He won the Lubumbashi Bar Admission Competition (2013), first prize in the Lubumbashi Bar Eloquence Competition (2018), first prize in the CIB Eloquence Competition, Lausanne (Switzerland) (2018), winner of the first Prize of the French speaking eloquence competition of the Hauts-de-Seine Bar in Paris (2019).
He is the first lawyer to be awarded the Mbuyi Tshimbadi Award of Excellence from the Lubumbashi Bar for his eloquence (2019).
He leads several seminars on rhetoric and is regularly invited to numerous eloquence competitions in universities such as Geneva (Michel Nançoz Competition), Lubumbashi (Tshimbadi Competition), Kolwezi (Patrice Lumumba Competition).
The DRC will assume the Presidency of the African Union in 2021.
This year’s theme : "Arts, culture and heritage: levers to build the Africa we want"
What prospects for the DRC and for Africa? What cultural policy for the DRC?
How to place culture at the center of the struggle for the socio-economic development of the DRC and Africa?
A few cultural actors from the DRC and high-ranking personalities gather around a table to discuss and advocate.
Moderator : Prof. Yoka Lye Mudaba
Guest of honor : Hamidou Sall, Writer, personal advisor to H.E.Macky Sall, President of the Republic of Senegal
Moderator : Alain Foka, journalist at RFI
Speakers : Richard Muyej (Governor of Lualaba), Sama Lukonde (DG Gecamines), Louis Watum (President CA Kamoa), Gety Mpanu Mpanu (Director of the deputy cabinet of the Head of State).
Sama Lukonde, CEO Gecamines.
A trained engineer, he also graduated in Industrial Chemistry, Computer Science / Information Technology in South Africa.
His professional career began in South Africa at Multichoice Africa before returning home in 2001 where he worked in the mining sector until 2004 in a Gécamines – Edina and Triples K partnership project at the Kamwale, Luisha and Kabolela sites.
His professional career was also enriched in 2005 as manager of a copper plant: Small Mineral Services then consultant in several private companies working in the mining sector: Metal mines, Huashin, Rubamin to name a few.
In 2006, he began his career as a National Member of Parliament until 2011.
He entered the central government by appointment in 2015 as Minister of Youth, Sports and Leisure. In that same year, he concretized his approach towards better governance of public affairs and a stronger rule of law because; unlike the majority of his peers, he renounces his multiple advantages by resigning from the central government and continuing his struggle until the advent of alternation in January 2019.
Since June 3, 2019, he is the new CEO of Gécamines.
10 min presentation, 20 min discussion with the audience
LUNCH - DEBATE 1 : INSURANCETHE LIBERALIZATION OF INSURANCE: A GUARANTEE TO CREATE CHAMPIONS?
After more than 50 years of a monopoly system, the liberalization of the insurance sector was enshrined in law in 2015, then materialized in 2019.
To date, 24 operators are active, including 9 insurance companies, 13 intermediaries and 2 reinsurance companies.
The first millions of dollars in premiums are already generated and the first taxes are collected.
This round table will attempt to analyze if and how the sector can create national champions.
Moderators : Baraka Kabemba, Marlène Ngoyi
Speaker : Alain Kanyinda
FREE NETWORKING LUNCH
LUNCH DEBATE 2 : SUBCONTRACTINGMAJOR CHALLENGE FOR THE REPUBLIC, EQUIPPED WITH A STRATEGIC DIGITAL PLAN AND DELAYED IN ENGAGING ITS DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION
Following the promulgation of Law n ° 17/001 of February 8, 2017 setting the rules applicable to subcontracting in the private sector, supplemented by Decree n ° 18/018 of May 24, 2018 on implementing measures, a framework for the exercise of economic activity supposed to partially transfer the wealth created on the national territory, but held by foreign investors, is put in place.
The Makutano Institute undertook a multidisciplinary prospective analysis on the probable effects of this application by questioning the legal and economic rationality in relation to the transfer of technology, financial constraints, the business climate, economic efficiency and regional economic cooperation or international.
This economic-legal analysis is notably inspired by experiences initiated in other countries by integrating a comparative reading grid.
It suggests avenues for a legal-institutional reframing without which the perverse effects of said application could crowd out the expected benefits, at the risk of compromising the much-desired industrial development.
Moderators : Blaise Mbatshi, Willy Kalengayi
Speakers : Justin Kalumba Mwana Ngongo, Minister of Small and Medium Enterprises, Gety Mpanu Mpanu (Deputy Cabinet Director of the Head of State), André Nyembwe, Ahmed Kalej Nkand (ARSP MD), Panassi Essonani Pascal (Groupe KAPI Deputy MD).
Owners and project managers present the project.
Speakers : Sakombi Molendo (Minister of Land Affairs), Nico Mutombo, Country Coordinator.
With the participation of Pius Muabilu (Minister of Urban Planning & Habitat) and Claude Nyamugabo (Minister of Environment and Sustainable Development).
20 min of presentation and 10 min of discussions with the audience
If the issue of access to energy is at the center of any development plan, those of energy independence and the "mix" model to be implemented in a given ecosystem are just as important.
When we talk about this issue in the DRC, we are usually only told about production and, almost traditionally, we are sold the white elephant Inga 3, which is supposed to solve all our problems in the near and bright future!
However, even if we imagine that the question of production is settled, the transport and storage of this energy, the maintenance of the electricity network, its upgrading, not to mention access to this electricity by the consumer or the industrialist, and the price they will have to pay for it, are of major importance.
However, we do not yet perceive a clear line on all these chapters, a vision over the next ten or twenty years to cut this Gordian knot in our development.
Moreover, we do not feel the political will to support Congolese project leaders who have already invested in this sector in hydroelectricity, solar energy, and geothermal energy or in transport, storage and distribution of this energy.
Even more worrying, one wonders whether the fact that these strategic tools of energy production and distribution come under the control of foreign interests is not being relegated to the background.
Considering a space for consultation between national public and private experts and together making an inventory of the choices made in the medium and long term by the public authorities therefore seems urgent to us.
This will, incidentally, make it possible to revisit the strategies in order to amend them and ensure real ownership by the national private sector.
This round table ambition is to define the contours of this bipartite dialogue.
The creation of Congolese champions in the sector, and therefore the possibility of keeping full control of our energy pole depend on it.
Moderator : Anthony Nkinzo, ANAPI MD
Speakers : Eustache Muhanzi Mubembe (Minister of State, Minister of Hydraulic Resources and Electricity), Jean Bosco Kayombo (SNEL MD), Éric Monga (Kipay Energy MD), Sandrine Mubenga (ARE MD)
Among the many sustainable development goals (SDGs), the President of the Republic HE Felix Antoine Tshisekedi reiterated the importance of implementing the necessary measures for food self-sufficiency (zero hunger) and the prerequisites for the outbreak of industry, innovation and infrastructure (SDG9) 1.
The national government has reflected these two important SDGs in its agenda through the need to diversify the economy and create the conditions for inclusive growth 2.
In this context, various initiatives have been undertaken to accelerate the establishment of the foundations necessary for the creation of a new economic fabric strong around promising sectors.
Among those; the creation of special economic zones deserves special attention. Commonly, SEZs are defined as specific areas of the national territory whose aim is to attract specific investments, both external and national, through the establishment of a specific legislative framework (taxation, customs, etc.) and 'dedicated infrastructures. In simplified terms; it is about setting up a one-stop shop to attract investments of all types and allow their impact on the national economic fabric to be accelerated.
The DRC has opted for the creation of five SEZs in Ituri, Kongo Central, Haut Katanga, Lualaba and Kinshasa Maluku which is to date the pilot site with a budget of several M$.
These SEZs will essentially focus on the agricultural sector, construction materials, mining and metallurgical recovery, and packaging.
The intensification of production in these sectors, through the establishment of specific advantages, will make it possible to create development clusters with high added value on the national territory and by spillover effects contribute to improving the daily life of the Congolese through semi-industrialization, the creation of a critical mass of local operators (specialized SMEs with high added value), a shift from family businesses to industrial companies and in some cases, the transition to agro-business.
On this last theme, it is important to mention a parallel initiative launched by the Government, in collaboration with the African Development Bank, in order to accelerate food self-sufficiency through the creation of five agro-industrial parks on the national territory.
This ambitious program begins with a pilot site located in Ngandajika (Kasai) with an initial budget of $ 80 million, the main objective of which is the establishment of an agricultural eco-system facilitating the transition from informal agriculture to agro business. This ecosystem will materialize in particular through the creation of an agricultural hub / cluster, a place for processing food grown on site for mass consumption in the province and in the medium term to Kinshasa.
Various measures will also be taken to allow the site to be opened up (transport and construction infrastructure), electrification, health care, banking services for farmers, their training, etc. Similarly to SEZs, spillover effects are expected in terms of technology transfer, industrialization, reduction of the poverty rate, at this stage; With regard to these two initiatives, the essential question to ask is how to prevent them from becoming new white elephants?
How to transform the essay and make them creative sectors of Congolese champions?
Does the DRC have the human and financial capital required to seize these opportunities and prevent them from benefiting only foreign operators?
If we don’t, who will?
What should be the role of the political and the private to allow the success of these initiatives?
How to direct potential FDI (Foreign Direct Investments) towards these initiatives and make them catalysts for local growth?
Is the law of subcontracting really the panacea?
How to ensure that the blossoming of entrepreneurship and profitability objectives prevail over other navel-gazing and short-term considerations?
Successful SEZs will certainly allow the creation of coherent synergies between the mining, agricultural, construction and other types of industrialization sectors, which are essential keystones for the development of the DRC.
Are we not faced with the much sought-after opportunity to accelerate the emergence of a middle class in the medium term, to train a new skilled workforce for high-value skilled trades?
Succeeding in the ZES bet is essential for the DRC of tomorrow; let's open the debate! If we don’t; who will?
Moderator : Henri Plessers
Speakers : Emile Osumba (President CCSC), Jean Lucien Busa (Minister of Foreign Trade), Antonio Henriques Da Silva (Angolan Investment Agency Chairman).
In 2013, in the report "Growing Africa: Unlocking the Potential of Agribusiness", the World Bank affirmed that the African agri-food industry had the means to weigh 1 trillion dollars by 2030.
To achieve this objective, developing the giants of the sector seems a necessary step.
Thus, and in parallel with the development of local food crops that guarantee our food security, creating our African Danone, Nestlé or Kellog’s must be seriously studied.
In its report, the B.M also insisted on the fact that this will be done "on condition of investing massively and increasing the number of actions in research and development". What about this point?
Are we training enough chemists specializing in agro-business that we will inevitably need?
Finally, we know that "organic" agriculture is fast becoming the indisputable value of the sector. However, with our millions of hectares of unpolluted land, we have considerable advantages. So, what are we waiting for to make the DRC the world's eldorado for bio-agribusiness?
Moderator : Henri Plessers
Speakers : Jean-Joseph Kasonga Mukuta (Minister of Agriculture), Kalaa Mpinga (Feronia / PHC)
10 min of presentation and 50 min of discussions with the audience
Whether it is preferential credits, funds to support research and development within companies, funds dedicated to university research programs favorable to industry, funds to promote entrepreneurship, financing involving the Central Bank, etc., the panel of mechanisms to support the financing and development of local businesses is sufficiently provided so that we do not dwell on this point.
Similarly, the initiatives of the Congolese State, via the Ministry of Finance in particular, aimed at re-capitalizing SOFIDE, creating the National Investment Company, developing financial markets, developing leasing or even Establishing a regulatory framework favorable to the establishment of investment funds under Congolese rights create a consensus between the private and public sector to work for a appropriation of the national economy by the Congolese.
On the other hand, if we can note that “on paper” these tools work, we also know that without a real recovery plan, financed by future generations, that is to say by debt and, possibly, by a securitization of certain national commons or, as some countries have done, by transferring land to a sovereign fund, the chances of success are slim.
Without a vast stimulus plan involving a massive injection of funds into infrastructure and the private sector, it is indeed to be feared that the state will remain forced to practice the policy of financial dispersion.
Policy favoring at most the survival of SMEs, but difficult to stimulate a real takeoff of the economy, and even less the creation of industrial or financial giants.
Put more bluntly, how do you finance an ambitious stimulus plan for the private sector ... And that without suffocating the private sector with taxes and levies?
Moderators : Sylvain Mudikongo
Makutano Project – FPI : Michel Losembe
Speakers : Patrice Kitebi (FPI MD), John Kanyoni (Tembo Power MD)
Weaknesses in political commitment and ownership.
Human capital not inventoried and certified, tendency to leave the front to foreigners despite the internal potential and in the diaspora.
The digital engenders fear of transparency but we must jump into the new era by giving an active role to citizens and businesses.
Starting point : the private sector is far ahead of the state.
It is imperative that the state initiates its transition to accelerate the digitization of the Congolese economy.
Moderator : A.L Kitenge, Strategist & Social Innovator
Speakers : M. Migisha, Special Advisor to the President in charge of digital, Anwar Soussa, Vodacom MD, Brandy Mputu, Young Congolese entrepreneur present in France and in the DRC, Upfront Technologies Sarl, Rudy Mukwamu, Maxicash MD
Worldwide, the urban and industrial waste management sector represents a turnover of around 1.6 trillion dollars.
So that this booming market on the continent does not escape national players in the future, we must now support them, enable them to acquire know-how and support the development of their industrial structure.
The aim of this round table is to better understand the challenges of a sector that could potentially create champions.
It brings together young manufacturers, experts and public authorities.
Moderator : Prof Biey New
Speaker : Claude Nyamugabo (Minister of Environment and Sustainable Development), Eric Mukuna
20 min of presentation, 1h10 of discussions with the audience
Trésor Chovu, CEO CACTUS, is a London-based investor, consultant, policy analyst and entrepreneur with a primary focus on Sub-Saharan Africa.
He has gained extensive experience as a business development consultant for UK and global companies.
Over the past 10 years, he has successfully supported various clients in the acquisition of financial, mining and energy assets and in the development of infrastructure projects in Africa.
It owns mining assets and develops infrastructure projects across the continent.
He is an international speaker with a particular focus on the African energy sector.
Some of his comments have appeared in the Mining Review magazine.
The Makutano Institute, the scientific counterpart of the eponymous business network, took shape in 2020 as a Think tank that wants to contribute to the promotion of reflection and is intended to contribute to the transformation of the Congolese socioeconomic space through recommendations to decision makers.
Alongside the thematic studies carried out or underway, a research program on the financing of the economy, the industrialization process of the DRC and the construction of a computable general equilibrium model for the DRC is envisaged.
A report on the activity of the Think tank will be made for members of the network and forum participants.
Speaker : André Nyembwe
Speakers : Malcom Kambaj, Eric Tumba, Hervé Kitebele, Chrys Mbidika, Gloria Gombo, Valériane Ndena
Moderator : Christian Lusakueno
The opening ceremony will be held on Thursday, December 10, from 8 a.m., at the Pullman Hotel.
6 debates of 1 hour 30 minutes in plenary will take place in the Amphitheater of the Congo River Hotel on Friday 4 and Saturday 5 December. These high-level exchanges between African panellists, moderated by an expert on the topic being discussed, will essentially focus on the major African economic issues.
A prominent personality gives his point of view on one of the subjects discussed during the forum, for about fifteen minutes, alone, on the stage. An exchange of fifteen more minutes follows with the audience. These highlights of Makutano punctuate the Forum.
The 6 Makutano round tables of 1.5 hours, which will take place in parallel throughout the day of December 10 at the Pullman, offer an exchange between experts in front of a small audience, 25 people maximum, and address the themes from a more technical angle than during plenary sessions. The objective of these exchanges is to position themselves as a force of proposal to public authorities on the emergence of African industrial or financial champions, and in particular Congolese.
During the conference, a deal room promoting meetings between project leaders and investors will be offered. Managed sector by sector, Mining, Agro-business, industry, Services, ICT, FinTech, etc., the deal room is a great business networking opportunity.